First, the Court concluded that the district court did not err by providing the jury with a copy of the indictment listing the dates of the charged robberies in response to a jury question about the dates and times of the offenses. The defendants argued that supplying the jury with the indictment improperly suggested that it was evidence of guilt without re-instructing the jury that it was not. The Court concluded that, while it would have been prudent for the court to remind the jury of that, it concluded that the court did not abuse its discretion in failing to do so under the circumstances of this case.
Second, the Court concluded that the district court's denial of a motion to suppress cell site data did not warrant reversal. Although the Supreme Court's decision in Carpenter rendered their admission erroneous, abrogating in part prior circuit precedent in Davis, it did not abrogate the alternative good-faith holding in Davis. The defendants made no argument for why the good-faith exception did not apply where the government complied with circuit precedent then in existence.
Third, the Court found no abuse of discretion in denying a defendant's motions for new counsel due to a breakdown in communication. After several hearings, the court found that there was no such breakdown, and a defendant's general loss of confidence or trust in counsel, alone, is not sufficient to establish good cause.
Fourth, the Court concluded that the district court did not err by rejecting the defendant's Bruton argument. The admission of a co-defendant's statement was not erroneous because it was not directly incriminating on its face, but rather became so only after linked with other evidence later introduced at trial.
Lastly, the Court accepted the government's concession the district court erroneously applied a 5-level enhancement rather than a 4-level enhancement under the unit-based grouping guideline in USSG 3D1.4. Although nobody objected to that error, the Court found that it satisfied the requirements for plain error and therefore vacated the sentence.