First, the Court rejected the defendant's challenge to the admission of evidence from his wallet, because the search-warrant affidavit established probable cause to search the home where the wallet was found; and because the wallet was not outside the scope of the warrant, which authorized the agents to search for debit cards, among other things.
Second, the Court found that the district court did not clearly err by crediting the officers' testimony that they gave the defendant Miranda warnings, even though there was no corroborating evidence of the waiver.
Third, the Court found that the district court did not abuse its discretion by admitting evidence of uncharged tax returns because they were inextricably intertwined with the charged conduct, or by admitting photographs of the defendant and his wife with large sums of money in light of their financial circumstances.
Fourth, the Court concluded that the defendant waived his constitutional right to wear street clothes at trial by expressly declining the court's suggestion that he change into a suit and attempting to use his prison garb to his strategic advantage.
Fifth, the Court found no error when the district court instructed the jury on a Pinkerton theory of conspiracy, because there was ample evidence that the defendant joined a conspiracy and that the charged substantive offenses were reasonably foreseeable consequences of the conspiracy.
Sixth, the Court concluded that the evidence was sufficient to support the convictions, rejecting the defendant's argument that the evidence was insufficient to prove a conspiracy or, for the aggravated identity count, insufficient to prove that he knew the means of identification belonged to real people.
Lastly, as to the sentence, the Court concluded that: a) the district court did not clearly err by imposing a four-level minor-role enhancement, because there was substantial evidence that the defendant managed the scheme, there were at least five participants, and the court did not reverse the burden of proof; b) the district court did not clearly err by calculating the intended loss amount, upholding a methodology that considered losses from tax returns that used a common address, even though the defendant did not file them himself; and c) the 277-month sentence, the result of a downward variance, was substantively reasonable.